Are Fallen Arches a Real Foot Problem?
Are "fallen arches" an actual foot disorder, or just a catch phrase used to describe chronically sore feet?
According to Jeffrey S. Hurless, DPM, a member of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, fallen arches-or flat feet
-is a legitimate medical condition that affects 5 percent of the U.S. population. " Flat Feet
can be present at birth, or develop over decades of walking, running and overall time spent on the feet, especially on hard surfaces in the workplace" said Hurless.
There are several types of flatfoot
conditions that occur in adults. The most common type is adult-acquired flatfoot, which is caused by overstretching a tendon that supports the arch. This leads to a partial or complete collapse of the arch and produces the flattened appearance on the bottom of the foot. Another common type is flexible flatfoot in which the foot is flat when standing and returns to a normal arch in non-weight-bearing positions.
"In adults, flat feet
can be very painful and limit your ability to exercise and stay in good cardiovascular health," said Hurless. "It's tough to be active, shed excess pounds, and maintain a healthy lifestyle if your feet hurt constantly, so it's important to seek medical attention to identify the problem early and intercede before it progresses to a serious, activity-limiting foot problem."
Pain is the primary reason patients seek medical treatment for flat feet
, Hurless said, and first-line therapy may include activity modifications or limitations, stretching exercises, custom shoe orthotics
and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications. Active patients should also consider orthopedic walking shoes
. As the condition worsens, pain and tenderness in the arch become more severe and some patients may not be able to rise up on their toes at all or without pain.
If the response to initial treatment is unsatisfactory, a variety of surgical procedures may be considered to relieve pain and improve foot function.
Dr. Jeffrey S. Hurless
DPM, FACFAS Board Certified Foot & Ankle Surgeon/Podiatrist
Medical Director, HealthyFeetStore.com