Common Toenail Problems and How to Treat Them
Toenail problems can be painful and extremely frustrating to have, especially when blackened toenails, toenail fungus, and ingrown toenails are involved. But there are various preventative measures and treatments available to combat these foot conditions to restore nails back to health. Below we have included some of the most common toenail problems, their symptoms, and how to treat them.
Black-and-Blue Toenails (Hematoma)
Unlike with yellow toenails
, black-and-blue toenails are not actually caused by a change in the color of the nail enamel itself. Black-and-blue toenails are caused by an injury to the skin beneath the toenail. As blood and fluid collect beneath the nail plate the nail itself, which is somewhat translucent, begins to appear black. In athletes, black-and-blue toenails, often referred to as simply black toenails, are usually the result of wearing athletic shoes that do not have adequate space in the toebox causing the toes to repeatedly bang against the top, front, and sides of the shoe during physical exertion. This repetitive stress to the toe causes a blood blister to form beneath the toenail. The condition occurs most frequently among runners and soccer players because their toes are subjected to the roughest impact and the effect of toebox impact can be more pronounced in athletes who do not trim their toenails frequently enough. To prevent or decrease the discomfort of black toenails you may wish to switch to an athletic shoe with a roomier toebox