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Pronation occurs at the joint below the ankle, the subtalar joint. It describes the inward rolling motion of the foot just after it lands on the ground. This moment is called initial contact, which is part of the stance phase of the gait cycle that is intended to reduce the impact of your foot landing on the ground. When pronation occurs incorrectly and the arch of the foot collapses upon weight bearing, underpronation or overpronation may develop.

More than 75 percent of the population suffers from overpronation or excessive supination; however, most of us are not aware of it or how it impacts our body. Though these pronation issues are quite common, they can be painful and lead to more severe foot conditions. For example, pronation problems can lead to stress or inflammation on the plantar fascia.

Overpronation (also known as flat feet) can cause you to place pressure on other parts of your foot while standing, walking or running, which can also lead to serious heel and foot pain. Untreated, it can lead to plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, metatarsalgia, post-tib tendonitis or bunions. Overpronation is common in people with flexible, flat feet. Common causes of overpronation can include pregnancy or repetitive pounding on a hard surface.

At the onset of overpronation, people may not experience any discomfort. But as the symptoms become painful, walking can become awkward and can cause increased stress on the feet and calves.

Healthy Feet Store offers a wide variety of footwear options to ease discomfort associated with pronation and treat the issue before it causes greater problems. We carry a number of orthopedic and orthotic shoes that offer the needed arch support and medial rearfoot posting to prevent the overpronation. We also offer footwear that provides a firm heel for extra support and stability, as well as inserts for pronation that can provided added support in precise areas.

Our selection at Healthy Feet Store includes a range of styles, from dress and casual shoes to sandals, slippers and boots. All are designed to meet the specific needs of people suffering from overpronation. We also offer a wide selection of podiatrist-recommended brands, including Vionic, Apis, Orthofeet, Propet, Spenco, Naot and Drew. Most brands are also available in a variety of sizes and widths to meet every footcare need.

Healthy Feet Store also offers orthotics and arch support insoles for men, women and children. Most of our pronation inserts feature a three-pod cushioning system that is designed to help excessive pronation. They also feature a cushioned forefoot crash pad, a deep heel cup for heel stabilization, semi-rigid arch support, an EVA layer that molds to the foot and a Silipure Antimicrobial low-friction top cloth to reduce foot odor and prevent blisters. Most of our full-length orthotics can accommodate custom orthotics or replace the factory made insoles that come with new pairs of shoes.

Healthy Feet Store also offers arch support and overpronation inserts with a wide profile design that incorporates exceptional features to improve support, stability and overall body alignment to reduce arch pain, heel pain, plantar fasciitis discomfort, knee pain and back pain.

If you suffer from flat feet, you can find the footwear and other products you need online at HealthyFeetStore.com, a one-stop source for your foot health needs.

Recognizing Excessive Pronation:

1. The Achilles Tendon Test: Stand straight with your back facing the mirror, enabling you to look at your leg and foot from the back. On a normal foot, the Achilles tendon runs straight down the leg into the heel. With excessive pronation, the tendon runs straight down the leg, but twists outwards as it arrives at the heel. Your inner ankle bone will jut out significantly compared to your outer ankle bone.

2. The Used Shoes Test: Place a pair of your most used running shoes on the table, with its toes pointing away from you. Squat down to eye level. If your shoes tilt inwards, then your feet are excessively pronated. You can also take a look at the outer soles of your shoes. Extreme wear and tear along the balls of your feet shows pronation as well.

Treating Excessive Pronation:

1. Orthotic Inserts: Orthotic inserts are devices that are placed inside the shoes to provide added stability and arch support. They are available over the counter or can be custom-made to suit individual needs. Over-the-counter orthotic inserts help reduce minor arch discomfort. Custom-made orthotic inserts do more by controlling foot motion, redistributing weight evenly across the foot and accommodating any pain or impairment.

2. Proper footwear: Most podiatrists recommend high-quality orthopedic shoes and sandals that offer support and stability through the arch for the treatment of overpronation. Good footwear with firm, multi-density mid-soles and straight or semi-curved lasts limit the occurrence of excessive pronation. When measuring, the most suitable shoe size, length, width and depth of the foot should all be considered. Footwear with a firm heel and strong medial and arch support is highly recommended.